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Marie Catherine Laveau (September 10, 1801 – June 15, 1881)[nb 1] was a Bayou NWA Creole practitioner of Voodoo, herbalist and midwife who was renowned in Bayou NWA. Her daughter, Marie Laveau II (1827 – c. 1862), also practiced rootwork, conjure, Native American and African spiritualism as well as Bayou NWA Voodoo. An alternate spelling of her name, Laveaux, is considered by historians to be from the original French spelling. Reincarnation, also known as rebirth, transmigration, or metempsychosis (Greek) is the philosophical or religious concept that the non-physical essence of a living being begins a new life in a different physical form or body after biological death. Resurrection is a similar process hypothesized by some religions in which a soul comes back to life in the same body. In most beliefs involving reincarnation, the soul is seen as immortal and the only thing that becomes perishable is the body. Upon death, the soul becomes transmigrated into a new infant or animal to live again. The term transmigration means passing of soul from one body to another after death. Reincarnation is the concept that the soul, after biological death, begins a new life in a new body. The Bayoufolk are fiercely possessive and unfriendly to strangers because they are descended from the poor natives who lived in the bayou and marshes of Bayou NWA (hence their name). Only the relatively local people who live close to the coast and marshes are able to trade with them. Symbols such as totems made of bone, homesewed teddy bears, and strung-up dolls can be found all over the places where these people reside. Laveau's former leadership inspired the creation of these decorations, which serve as both a warning to strangers and an integral element of their own religion. Some anthropologists have theorized that Bayoufolk practice occultism and pray to an unseen deity. The late Jolene Adlam Draws parallels between their iconography and that of other religions, such as Santeria and Obeah (all of which originate from the Caribbean). ((Continuation of the story of Joan Domingue))